Under normal circumstances there will be little or no glucose in urine. When this condition does occur, it is called glucosuria. When glucose is present in the urine, a measure of anything under (including 0) 15 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of urine is considered to be in the normal range.
A presence of glucose in urine above the 15 mg/dl amount can be symptomatic of one of several conditions. Some of these conditions are potentially serious, and require treatment. Others conditions are either the result of the natural order of things, or are simply benign, and do not require any special treatment. One potential cause of excess glucose is renal glycosuria, a genetic defect, where as a result of a tubular disorder, excessive glucose is discharged into the urine. This is usually a benign condition and not a cause for concern. Most people affected by renal glycosuria (RN) suffer no ill effects and require no treatment. RN is sometimes present in women during pregnancy and, again, is not a significantly abnormal situation. Glucose in urine can also result from an excessive intake of carbohydrates, and the condition may also be caused by certain medications including chloral hydrate, diazoxide, and lithium, as well as estrogens and some diuretics.
Still another cause of glucose in urine is a condition referred to as hyperglycemia, where blood glucose levels are raised, sometimes significantly. This is often a natural condition and not necessarily a cause for alarm. Hyperglycemia can result from the body becoming stressed, or during an illness caused by an infection and the subsequent inflammation that normally accompanies infection. While hyperglycemia can also be a symptom of diabetes, a first time diagnosis is not a positive indicator that diabetes is indeed present. However, if the hyperglycemia becomes long-lasting or chronic, a diabetic condition is very likely the cause. Treatment should begin relatively quickly, as excessively high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period of time can result in organ damage within the body.
While the presence of glucose in urine is not always indicative of serious problems, there is always the possibility that diabetes mellitus could be the source of the problem. Anytime glucose is present in excessive amounts, further tests and examination are called for, as it is extremely important that treatment for diabetes commence as soon as possible as after the disease has been diagnosed. Normally, both blood and urine samples are subjected to laboratory analysis as part of a yearly physical checkup. When this is the case, any abnormal measurements of glucose in either the blood, or the urine, or both, will be readily detected. There are many reasons why an annual physical checkup is important, even if you feel you are in the best of health. Early detection of indications of renal glycosuria, hyperglycemia, or diabetes mellitus can make these conditions more easily treatable, assuming treatment is required.[ad_2]
Source by Peter J Lee