How Does Gingival Graft Help In Treating Gingival Recession


Without the signs of periodontitis such as bleeding gums, swelling gums, and loose teeth, you can still have gum or gingival recession. It develops during the corrosion of the cementum, a bony substance covering the root of a tooth. This causes the dentin to be exposed, making your teeth more sensitive to hot and cold food.

Gingiva protects your teeth against bacteria by forming a tight seal around the teeth. It also absorbs shock from eating and brushing. Mucosa which lies below gingiva is very thin. So, it is more vulnerable to trauma. In addition, it doesn’t cover tightly around the tooth.

If you have only minor recession, you don’t need dental treatment. The remaining gingiva that are not affected will protect the tooth. All you need is good oral hygiene and proper home care.

If the recession hits the mucosa, then your bodily defensive mechanism is compromised. This makes the supporting structure of the teeth susceptible to the bacteria attack. The root of the teeth will be more sensitive to cold and hot food. If the recession gets worse, the root surface will be exposed. Consequently, root caries will form.

For an effective solution, you may need a gingival graft especially for severe recession of the gum. This involves reconstruction of your gum. Usually, gingival graft requires the administration of local anesthetic. The dentist will either take a thin layer of tissue from the roof of the mouth or place the nearby tissue to cover the affected gingiva surrounding the tooth. This will create a barrier in resisting bacterial invasion and further recession. The whole process takes about 30 to 60 minutes. You will then come back a week later to have the stitches removed.

As you can see now, gum recession can happen without gum disease. Don’t delay the treatment if you suspect you have a minor recession. Simple home care methods and correct dental hygiene can save you lots of troubles from gingival recession. Even if the recession is serious, gingival grafts can offer you excellent long-term results.

Source by Andy Lim